Knee Tendonitis Information
Knee tendonitis refers to the inflamation, swelling and irritation of tendons in the knee area. Though knee tendonitis often goes untreated, it's actually the most common form of knee injury. The knee tendons are thick cords that attach the bone to muscles. There are several large tendons around the knee area. The most common form of knee tendonitis is pes anserinus tendonitis which effects the tendons inside and at the bottom of the knee. When these tendons are inflamed it prevents the person from twisting the leg outward while running.
Anatomy of the Knee
Below you can see a detailed diagram of the knee. You can see the various tendons that run into the knee area. Knee tendonitis can affect any of these tendons but is most common in the patellar tendon group located at the front of the knee.
Who's at Risk?
As the human body ages the tendons become brittle and lose their elasticity. This puts older people at much higher risk of developing knee tendonitis. In fact, knee tendonitis is most common in middle-aged runners. People involved in sports or activites that involve a lot of sharp movements, repeated knee strain or uneven surfaces are also at high risk. The condition is common in basketballers, footballers, runners, tennis players, snow skiiers etc.
Knee Tendonitis Symptoms
Knee tendonitis produces pain, tenderness and stiffness near a joint and is aggravated by movement. The inflamed tendons in the knee are usually painful when moved or touched, and the tendon sheaths may be visibly swollen from the accumulation of fluid and inflammation. Moving the joints near the knee tendon (even slightly) may also cause severe pain. The pain may be worse when ascending or descending stairs, when getting up from a seated position, and at night.
When the condition first develops the pain may only be mild and occur during or after exercise. If this happens you should begin treatment (see below) straight away. The earlier you begin treatment on knee tendonitis the faster it will heal.
Treating Knee Tendonitis
In most cases of knee tendonitis you will not need to see a doctor. The treatment of the condition involves rest, isolation and slowly easing back into activity. You should follow the R.I.C.E method. Here's how it works:
You should rest the knee until you no longer feel any of the symptoms. It's important that you ease back into activity slowly. After you knee has been rested, the tendon is weak and susceptible to injury.
If the above treatment does not cure the symptoms of knee tendonitis, or the tendonitis keeps reoccuring you should consult your doctor or physician immediately. Your doctor will give you a full examination and may recommend cortisone injections to help rebuild the damaged tendon. In very severe cases, surgery will be required. This rarely happens and is only used for a last resort.
Prevention is always better than a cure, and there are several easy ways you can help minimize your chance of developing knee tendonitis. Here are some of these methods: